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HFES2021: Requirements for Computational Approaches To Analyzing Resilience in Human-Machine Teams

Researchers

Jacob Keller

  • Graduate Research Associate, Integrated Systems Engineering
  • --

Jacob Keller, a MS student and graduate researcher in CSEL, presented a
lecture on October 6th at the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 65th
International Annual Meeting in Baltimore, MD. Jacob’s paper, co-authored by
Dr. Martijn IJtsma, is titled “Requirements for Computational Approaches To
Analyzing Resilience in Human-Machine Teams
”. It provides an overview of
computational modeling techniques, exploring novel approaches to identifying human-machine team resilience computationally.

The HFES 65th International Annual Meeting was held in Baltimore, MD, October
4-7, 2021. The 66th International Annual Meeting will be held in Atlanta, Georgia,
October 2022. You can view the slides for the presentation here, and the paper’s
abstract below:

Human-machine teams (HMTs) in complex work domains need to be
able to adapt to variable and uncertain work demands. Computational modeling
and simulation can provide novel approaches to the evaluation of HMTs
performing complex joint activities, affording large-scale, quantitative analysis of
team characteristics (such as system architecture and governance protocols) and
their effects on resilience. Drawing from literature in resilience engineering,
human-automation interaction, and cognitive systems engineering, this paper
provides a theoretical exploration of the use of computational modeling and
simulation to analyze resilience in HMTs. Findings from literature are
summarized in a set of requirements that highlight key aspects of resilience in
HMTs that need to be accounted for in future modeling and evaluation efforts.
These requirements include a need to model HMTs as joint cognitive systems,
the need to account for the interdependent nature of activity, the temporal
dynamics of work, and the need to support formative exploration and inquiry. We
provide a brief overview of existing modeling and simulation approaches to
evaluating HMTs and discuss further steps for operationalizing the identified
requirements.

Recommended Citation:
Keller, J., & IJtsma, M. (2021). Requirements For Computational Approaches To Analyzing Resilience In Human-Machine Teams. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. Presented 10/6/2021 in Baltimore, MD